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How local action can fight global land degradation
May 23, 2017
Land degradation is a growing barrier to sustainable development. It directly affects an estimated 1.5 billion people globally, impacting food and water security, increasing poverty and exacerbating vulnerability to climate change. The global response must acknowledge urban activities as a key underlying driver, drawing on local and regional governments as allies. Systematic public sector approaches 

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Lessons in sustainability from India's past
May 22, 2017
Agra, May 1579 The mercury has hit 40.2 degrees Celsius. The heat rises to form mirages across the city. In the palace of Sikri, Ranis – queens of Akbar – do not have the luxury of retreating into their rooms and turning on the air-conditioning. It is a good thing that they do not need to. 

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“We cannot do this alone”. Building resilience is a collective business - Final thoughts from Resilient Cities 2017
May 6, 2017
The world is at a tipping point. Whether it is a tipping point that promises a bright, sustainable future or one in which we’ll have to face growing challenges from climate change and unsustainable urbanization, is up to us. This message by David Stevens, Head of the UNISDR Bonn Office, sums up what the 2017 

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Hungry for more: Cities are shaping the global food agenda
May 6, 2017
It is clear that the food, urban, resilience and sustainability agendas must come together. At the Urban Food Forum at Resilient Cities 2017, Monika Zimmermann, Deputy Secretary General of ICLEI and Thierry Giordano, Decentralized Cooperation Advisor at FAO, drew an analogy between the way cities are seizing the food agenda and how they got a jump start on the 

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Responding to vulnerability and its root causes
May 6, 2017
By Bryce Appleby, human geographer, MSc Candidate at Universität Bonn / UNU-EHS – United Nations University of Environmental Risk and Human Security and communications volunteer at Resilient Cities 2017 Marginalized neighborhoods and slums are often disproportionately affected by climate change, given that they are often located in high-hazard areas, deprived of risk-reducing infrastructure and lacking adaptive 

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The blue, the green, the city in between
May 6, 2017
by Laura Spray, MSc Candidate in Geography at Universität Bonn / UNU-EHS – United Nations University of Environmental Risk and Human Security and Resilient Cities 2017 communications volunteer The City of Oslo, known fondly to its residents as “the blue, the green and the city in between” due to its unique position between the sea and 

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Join the budding conversation about resilient transport
May 6, 2017
Resilience is a tricky topic when it comes to urban transport. The Paris Climate Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals signal a sustainable, resilient path forward for urban transport. But is this translating into resilient transport systems in cities? Not exactly. At least not on a consistent basis. Transport resilience is way down on the priority list for 

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A growing menu for the urban food agenda
May 6, 2017
The regulars at the Resilient Cities congress might recall that when urban food first appeared as a topic in the congress series, it almost seemed out of place – a topic more fitting to the agricultural community than urbanists. The conversation started from the basics, emphasizing food as a system, which includes producers, consumers and many other stakeholders all along 

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How cities can better manage risks and save money, lives and carbon emissions
May 5, 2017
Climate change poses an existential threat to cities. This is especially true when we take into account the risks posed by changing weather patterns, which increase the frequency and intensity of cyclones, superstorms, flash floods and protracted droughts. Among many other things, resilience-building is about managing such risks within the city. Of course, this is 

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Learn how to learn with Quito
May 5, 2017
Quito appreciates learning from other cities. Last October, they demonstrated their spirit of sharing and collaboration during the EcoMobility Days – held during the Habitat III conference – where they presented their transportation plans to cities and transport enthusiasts from all over the world to collect ideas for more integrated transportation. Once again, at Resilient Cities 2017, they 

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Nordic solutions with global relevance
May 5, 2017
Demographic changes in Nordic countries are compounded by climate change impacts, resource scarcity and population growth. This increases the complexity of building resilience in Nordic cities and regions. The Nordic Built Cities Challenge responded to these changes to encourage innovative Nordic solutions that may have global applicability. Three finalists in this challenge presented their innovations at 

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What integrated disaster and climate resilience means to cities
May 5, 2017
By Bryce Appleby, Human geographer, MSc Candidate at Universität Bonn / UNU-EHS – United Nations University of Environmental Risk and Human Security and communications volunteer at Resilient Cities 2017 Integration has long-since achieved buzzword status amongst resilience thinkers and planners. But what does integration exactly mean? How does it work in the context of disaster 

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How African cities are advancing SDG 11
May 5, 2017
By Laura Spray, MSc Candidate in Geography at Universität Bonn / UNU-EHS – United Nations University of Environmental Risk and Human Security and Resilient Cities 2017 communications volunteer Sustainable Development Goal 11 looks at the role cities can play in creating safe, inclusive and resilient urban environments. Four cities in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe are working 

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A storm is brewing and Copenhagen is ready
May 4, 2017
In 2012, the City of Copenhagen came to present their freshly adopted Climate Change Adaptation Plan, during a workshop at the Resilient Cities Forum. Today, five years later, they come back to share their experience with implementing that plan with other cities. Indeed, the Danish capital is not the only city to be threatened by 

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Climate change is impacting urban health. Here is why and how we should measure it
May 4, 2017
The 2015-2016 Zika outbreak in South America showed how increasing temperatures and growing populations expose urban areas to considerable health risks. In turn, increasing concentrations of population and changes in eating habits in the developing world have direct, measurable impacts on the state of the climate. Such impacts are currently being explored by an innovative project 

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Water management: Women must be central to inclusive strategies
May 4, 2017
by Janna Frischen, MSc Candidate, United Nations University and Resilient Cities 2017 communications volunteer Urban growth is becoming a major global challenge, as more than half of the total population is living in cities, with more than 60 percent by 2030. How cities are built today will shape the future of tomorrow, which means sustainable urban 

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What we know about integrated resilience planning
May 4, 2017
Resilience has become an increasingly mainstream concept in global development. Around 2013, as nations and stakeholders shaped the post-2015 sustainable development frameworks, resilience emerged as a widely recognized concept that should crosscut policy and planning at all levels of government. Now, we are in a phase of action, and the Sustainable Development Goals are calling for integrated 

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New Vendor Engagement Framework Helps Cities Work Smarter
May 2, 2017
By Melanie Nutter, Principal, Nutter Consulting and Betty Seto, Head of Department, DNV GL In the past five years, leading cities across North America have made tremendous inroads to testing and deploying smart city technologies to address key challenges related to maintaining and replacing aging infrastructure, managing maintenance costs and providing improved services to residents 

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Letter from Thomas Kastrup-Larsen, Mayor of Aalborg, Denmark
April 27, 2017
Dear ICLEI friends and colleagues, Cities are taking the lead when it comes to pushing the sustainable agenda. This was emphasized last April in Bilbao, Spain, where the Basque Declaration was approved at the 8th European Sustainable Cities & Towns Conference. The declaration focuses on accelerating the socio-cultural, socio-economic and technological transformation of our cities 

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Post #1 - Experiments in ecomobility: The story of transformation in Kaohsiung
April 11, 2017
In 2015 the City of Kaohsiung, a coastal city in the south of Chinese Taipei, decided it will take a bold step towards a more forward-thinking urban transportation culture. For the whole month of October 2017, the city will experiment with ecomobility – a more integrated, socially inclusive and environmentally-friendly approach to urban transport – 

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Letter from David Jácome Polit, Chief Resilience Officer of Quito - March 2017
March 30, 2017
Dear ICLEI friends and colleagues, We live in a highly dynamic world. Along with our changing climate, social, technological, economic, demographic and ecological conditions are evolving, often at record pace. Resilience thinking is essential to understanding these forces and finding solutions for their effects. The Municipality of Quito has begun to make major transformations using 

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Water and Sanitation for Cities in the spotlight at LOCS4Africa
March 28, 2017
In partnership with hosts the City of Ekurhuleni, ICLEI Africa convened the Local Climate Solutions for Africa (LoCS4Africa) congress from 22 to 24 March 2017. LoCS4Africa 2017 saw over 400 delegates, representing 53 cities from 40 countries gather to discuss the challenge of water for cities against the backdrop of uncertain climate and water futures. 

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Building the architecture for global sustainability action: Time for strong coalitions
March 15, 2017
2016 marked the end of an important period in which nations sought political consensus around the global development agenda. They came to agree that sustainable development should, in fact, be the global agenda for change, consequently adopting major international agreements, like the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015. The New 

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Letter from Pekka Sauri, Deputy Mayor of Helsinki - March 2017
March 9, 2017
Dear ICLEI Friends and Colleagues, Cities around the world have a crucial role in the transition to sustainable consumption and production by using sustainable public procurement (SPP) as a key tool. By introducing sustainable criteria in our purchases, local and regional governments are making our societies more sustainable, while at the same time ensuring social 

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Letter from Chen Chu, Mayor of Kaohsiung - February 2017
February 23, 2017
Dear ICLEI friends and colleagues, To advance sustainable transport globally, the City of Kaohsiung will host the 3rd EcoMobility World Festival and Congress in October 2017. Today, over 90 percent of Kaohsiung residents use private cars or motorized scooters to go about their daily lives, contributing to air and noise pollution, traffic jams and accidents 

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How Copenhagen plans to become the world’s first carbon neutral capital
February 14, 2017
Ambitious cities around the world are setting their sights on becoming carbon neutral. This means that, after measuring their carbon emissions, they reduce those emissions as much as is cost effectively possible, and use equivalent offsets to balance the residual emissions and achieve a net zero carbon footprint. Copenhagen is one of those ambitious cities. 

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Dunedin, New Zealand has divested from fossil fuels – here is why and how
February 14, 2017
This blog post was written by Ana Marques, Low Carbon Cities Senior Officer at ICLEI World Secretariat. In April 2015, Councilor Jinty MacTavish of Dunedin, New Zealand made a compelling presentation on fossil fuel divestment at the ICLEI World Congress in Seoul. Since then, Dunedin has finalized a policy on ethical investments and divested from 

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Letter from Gino Van Begin - January
January 27, 2017
Dear ICLEI friends and colleagues, Local and subnational governments have proven to be a reliable force for positive global change. Now, in 2017, it is vital that we push to make the trend towards sustainable development irreversible. We aim to do so through our actions on the ground, efforts to shape global policy and events 

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Protecting our water sources brings a wealth of benefits
January 12, 2017
By Andrea Erickson, Managing Director, Water Security The journey of our water from source to tap is long, and not one we think much about. For most of us, our water starts high in the mountains, hundreds of miles away. From there, water flows across natural and working lands until a portion is channeled to 

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Solid waste management in Matale, Sri Lanka: a key to unlocking sustainable urban development
November 29, 2016
As the world rapidly urbanizes, city governments are preparing to manage the increasing volumes of solid waste generated by inhabitants. Ten years ago, cities were collectively managing around 0.7 billion tons of waste each year – a figure projected to grow to 2.2 billion tons by 2025 as the urban population and per capita waste 

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Building the architecture for inclusive and ambitious climate action
November 21, 2016
A focus on action at the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP22, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Marrakech, Morocco, was the first Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change following the adoption and swift ratification of the Paris Agreement. It was a COP of action and 

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Local climate action: what it looks like and how to advance it through collaboration
November 16, 2016
Local and subnational governments have an important role to play in supporting implementation of the Paris Agreement, and are already taking action. Their contributions to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions are critical, particularly given that national climate commitments are not yet on track to achieve the Paris Agreement targets. In fact, recent analyses by the United 

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Why are cities setting 100% renewable energy targets?
November 16, 2016
Over the last decades cities, towns and regions in different continents and of different sizes have been setting ambitious renewable energy (RE) targets that help driving the transition towards a sustainable and renewable energy future while delivering multiple benefits to the local communities. Adopting RE targets helps local governments legitimize the further allocation of resources 

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Cities are making a difference in the transition to renewable energy
November 11, 2016
With the Paris Agreement, world leaders have mandated net zero greenhouse gas emissions to be reached in the second half of this century.  This requires an unprecedented transformation and full de-carbonization of the energy systems within the next few decades. Cities are contributing to the transition to a renewable, safe, resilient and sustainable energy future 

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3, 119 – 7, 88 – 5, 74 – 5, 105 – 1, 51 – 1, 87 – 2, 110 – 7, 123 – 8, 114 – 1, 69 – 1, 85 – 2, 73 – 8, 101 – 2, 81 – 7, 52 – 3, 82 – 4, 110 – 5, 101 – 1, 111 – 3, 76 – 2, 91 – 1, 105 – 7, 121 – 2, 87 – 5, 109 – 7, 93 – 3, 72 – 1, 117 – 9, 78 – 5, 89 – 6, 78 – 6, 96 – 7, 73 – 7, 80 – 8, 73 – 5, 123 – 8, 120 – 4, 83 – 3, 72 – 7, 78 – 1, 122 – 7, 70 – 4, 129 – 9, 52 – 4, 106 – 1, 92 – 5, 105 – 1, 63 – 7, 59 – 5, 71 – 1, 124 – 2, 97 – 8, 99 – 2, 82 – 9, 68 – 3, 100 – 1, 78 – 7, 105 – 3, 112 – 4, 119 – 3, 91 – 1, 84 – 6, 76 – 4, 86 – 8, 58 – 9, 91 – 7, 113 – 4, 117 – 9, 77 – 4, 91 – 8, 80 – 8, 90 – 1, 67 – 1, 75 – 3, 72 – 4, 122 – 7, 62 – 8, 87 – 8, 110 – 7, 78 – 9, 111 – 6, 69 – 4, 85 – 4, 51 – 2, 49 – 6, 77 – 8, 83 – 1, 98 – 9, 107 – 4, 71 – 2, 113 – 7, 125 – 6, 80 – 4, 94 – 4, 92 – 7, 113 – 9, 84 – 4, 93 – 3, 51 – 3, 73 – 7, 81 – 6, 106 – 9, 76 – 6, 89 – 3, 54 – 5, 88 – 1, 89 – 1, 120 – 8, 95 – 6, 85 – 4, 96 – 9, 54 – 5, 60 – 8, 94 – 7, 94 – 7, 66 – 9, 95 – 5, 106 – 6, 93 – 8, 59 – 6, 118 – 6, 68 – 2, 67 – 2, 106 – 7, 53 – 4, 73 – 4, 127 – 7, 91 – 6, 103 – 4, 76 – 8, 91 – 7, 117 – 6, 101 – 2, 77 – 2, 72 – 7, 60 – 4, 85 – 7, 104 – 3, 74 – 9, 75 – 6, 108 – 9, 82 – 3, 130 – 8, 72 – 7, 107 – 3, 76 – 9, 129 – 8, 84 – 2, 73 – 8, 74 – 7, 123 – 1, 108 – 1, 105 – 5, 75 – 6, 107 – 2, 98 – 9, 106 – 7, 104 – 3, 88 – 3, 61 – 8, 121 – 4, 90 – 3, 91 – 6, 59 – 2, 48 – 1, 88 – 5, 95 – 7, 85 – 7, 126 – 8, 92 – 5, 89 – 1, 88 – 2, 87 – 8, 102 – 5, 94 – 9, 111 – 8, 105 – 3, 86 – 6, 128 – 8, 121 – 2, 105 – 5, 78 – 5, 67 – 2, 55 – 2, 63 – 8, 74 – 9, 111 – 6, 91 – 2, 78 – 2, 68 – 1, 87 – 4, 74 – 1, 103 – 5, 79 – 9, 106 – 1, 78 – 8, 95 – 5, 99 – 2, 76 – 7, 61 – 9, 45 – 2, 86 – 8, 122 – 3, 85 – 4, 61 – 8, 75 – 6, 89 – 7, 111 – 8, 59 – 4, 70 – 1, 74 – 6, 117 – 6, 71 – 6, 106 – 7, 117 – 8, 77 – 3, 82 – 9, 102 – 2, 114 – 6, 81 – 7, 95 – 5, 80 – 3, 112 – 4, 94 – 8, 53 – 4, 93 – 5, 76 – 4, 116 – 8, 80 – 7, 88 – 7, 117 – 7, 96 – 6, 74 – 6, 86 – 3, 93 – 5, 60 – 3, 77 – 3, 109 – 7, 72 – 2, 95 – 9, 72 – 4, 92 – 9, 71 – 2, 112 – 9, 115 – 1, 107 – 6, 76 – 6, 112 – 4, 127 – 9, 81 – 9, 129 – 8, 70 – 5, 69 – 4, 81 – 6, 105 – 1, 123 – 4, 71 – 5, 83 – 4, 86 – 4, 128 – 8, 92 – 2, 84 – 4, 70 – 4, 125 – 6, 106 – 2, 82 – 6, 88 – 5, 97 – 8, 73 – 1, 67 – 2, 124 – 2, 61 – 5, 96 – 8, 86 – 1, 89 – 6, 127 – 8, 112 – 3, 85 – 6, 127 – 8, 60 – 4, 111 – 4, 74 – 6, 88 – 3, 83 – 1, 54 – 4, 75 – 9, 75 – 9, 109 – 6, 114 – 8, 74 – 6, 69 – 1, 69 – 3, 71 – 4, 101 – 4, 85 – 4, 54 – 6, 90 – 9, 84 – 7, 106 – 2, 82 – 5, 74 – 9, 89 – 9, 76 – 6, 70 – 4, 54 – 5, 74 – 4, 92 – 7, 81 – 3, 75 – 2, 86 – 3, 77 – 5, 96 – 6, 85 – 2, 73 – 5, 125 – 4, 57 – 5, 81 – 5, 105 – 5, 84 – 3, 117 – 2, 121 – 1, 77 – 9, 67 – 2, 112 – 5, 106 – 1, 74 – 4, 54 – 5, 116 – 8, 130 – 9, 93 – 6, 91 – 7, 117 – 2, 82 – 6, 88 – 8, 115 – 8, 111 – 8, 121 – 6, 85 – 7, 120 – 1, 95 – 6, 105 – 6, 97 – 7, 53 – 4, 75 – 9, 125 – 8, 96 – 6, 77 – 6, 110 – 2, 78 – 5, 89 – 6, 78 – 6, 93 – 4, 94 – 6, 68 – 3, 87 – 4, 123 – 8, 97 – 8, 80 – 7, 88 – 7, 120 – 4, 113 – 3, 80 – 9, 125 – 6, 52 – 4, 112 – 7, 84 – 6, 111 – 7, 109 – 6, 60 – 5, 79 – 7, 79 – 7, 55 – 7, 79 – 3, 83 – 6, 89 – 8, 121 – 2, 83 – 9, 74 – 1, 112 – 8, 103 – 3, 95 – 7, 82 – 7, 73 – 7, 126 – 7, 107 – 3, 80 – 5, 114 – 9, 104 – 1, 104 – 5, 71 – 3, 90 – 2, 61 – 8, 100 – 2, 92 – 5, 88 – 1, 91 – 9, 94 – 4, 80 – 3, 72 – 6, 94 – 5, 120 – 4, 76 – 9, 90 – 8, 75 – 6, 116 – 8, 95 – 8, 53 – 5, 82 – 8, 71 – 1, 88 – 1, 95 – 7, 90 – 4, 82 – 3, 98 – 1, 86 – 4, 53 – 1, 80 – 6, 79 – 5, 78 – 8, 74 – 1, 99 – 2, 74 – 5, 67 – 2, 65 – 9, 56 – 8, 73 – 8, 108 – 2, 125 – 6, 85 – 7, 85 – 2, 75 – 4, 123 – 7, 91 – 8, 74 – 2, 76 – 8, 126 – 7, 100 – 3, 82 – 4, 73 – 7, 54 – 2, 119 – 4, 82 – 1, 73 – 7, 59 – 7, 52 – 1, 78 – 6, 106 – 3, 124 – 5, 117 – 4, 93 – 8, 77 – 5, 92 – 6, 73 – 3, 102 – 5, 89 – 4, 74 – 8, 67 – 2, 81 – 4, 121 – 2, 119 – 8, 109 – 9, 79 – 3, 108 – 5, 69 – 4, 112 – 3, 89 – 5, 112 – 2, 88 – 6, 93 – 7, 92 – 9, 71 – 3, 106 – 3, 80 – 8, 71 – 1, 86 – 3, 84 – 6, 88 – 7, 105 – 5, 95 – 9, 71 – 1, 120 – 8, 86 – 2, 56 – 8, 65 – 8, 55 – 5, 89 – 6, 75 – 5, 110 – 2, 116 – 5, 90 – 9, 119 – 9, 93 – 8, 78 – 2, 84 – 7, 86 – 4, 108 – 5, 74 – 8, 76 – 2, 73 – 7, 102 – 3, 79 – 4, 101 – 2, 117 – 9, 56 – 3, 58 – 9, 85 – 3, 90 – 3, 110 – 3, 81 – 3, 77 – 8, 71 – 3, 78 – 5, 86 – 2, 72 – 4, 85 – 2, 119 – 7, 93 – 5, 77 – 4, 90 – 9, 70 – 1, 103 – 4, 89 – 9, 69 – 2, 120 – 5, 79 – 9, 75 – 9, 107 – 4, 124 – 9, 110 – 1, 76 – 6, 131 – 9, 75 – 1, 73 – 2, 90 – 1, 71 – 2, 73 – 3, 90 – 6, 93 – 5, 73 – 3, 77 – 3, 99 – 9, 101 – 3, 58 – 9, 109 – 2, 122 – 2, 66 – 1, 87 – 4, 119 – 8, 107 – 7, 74 – 8, 86 – 2, 81 – 4, 100 – 1, 76 – 8, 92 – 5, 77 – 8, 104 – 7, 84 – 5, 108 – 5, 73 – 4, 106 – 1, 73 – 8, 86 – 5, 53 – 4, 55 – 5, 85 – 1, 57 – 8, 112 – 5, 122 – 7, 83 – 9, 110 – 4, 124 – 9, 85 – 5, 76 – 2, 71 – 6, 56 – 7, 82 – 9, 106 – 4, 92 – 6, 82 – 8, 104 – 3, 102 – 3, 110 – 2, 62 – 9, 57 – 8, 83 – 1, 92 – 5, 109 – 2, 83 – 7, 83 – 5, 127 – 6, 67 – 2, 91 – 7, 77 – 7, 92 – 8, 113 – 2, 105 – 6, 106 – 8, 116 – 7, 91 – 9, 118 – 6, 86 – 3, 69 – 3, 93 – 7, 104 – 5, 110 – 9, 71 – 1, 116 – 8, 121 – 3, 69 – 1, 127 – 5, 82 – 1, 104 – 5, 98 – 1, 91 – 9, 112 – 1, 80 – 2, 82 – 4, 124 – 4, 91 – 2, 72 – 7, 76 – 4, 74 – 9, 52 – 4, 49 – 1, 74 – 3, 111 – 6, 126 – 7, 122 – 8, 74 – 9, 69 – 1, 78 – 1, 84 – 2, 75 – 6, 108 – 5, 97 – 8, 94 – 6, 76 – 3, 88 – 7, 122 – 7, 56 – 1, 77 – 5, 108 – 5, 109 – 2, 61 – 7, 89 – 4, 108 – 1, 90 – 8, 122 – 4, 70 – 3, 111 – 5, 67 – 2, 98 – 1, 71 – 6, 70 – 5, 97 – 8, 108 – 9, 82 – 5, 126 – 7, 72 – 7, 84 – 4, 79 – 3, 110 – 6, 92 – 6, 61 – 4, 69 – 2, 70 – 2, 125 – 6, 77 – 6, 68 – 1, 126 – 5, 77 – 4, 107 – 9, 74 – 4, 109 – 4, 79 – 9, 89 – 7, 109 – 7, 74 – 5, 57 – 5, 127 – 6, 92 – 3, 114 – 7, 106 – 2, 54 – 4, 94 – 9, 117 – 9, 112 – 5, 110 – 1, 77 – 5, 54 – 3, 91 – 5, 76 – 5, 84 – 8, 82 – 1, 107 – 8, 78 – 2, 78 – 5, 126 – 6, 59 – 3, 104 – 5, 77 – 4, 83 – 2, 50 – 1, 57 – 2, 81 – 9, 69 – 2, 127 – 8, 78 – 4, 72 – 4, 73 – 6, 65 – 9, 109 – 5, 75 – 7, 92 – 9, 56 – 4, 80 – 2, 78 – 1, 76 – 7, 58 – 5, 56 – 8, 95 – 9, 88 – 2, 95 – 9, 51 – 1, 91 – 5, 90 – 8, 116 – 5, 104 – 1, 75 – 5, 76 – 9, 93 – 8, 69 – 2, 85 – 9, 73 – 7, 125 – 6, 80 – 2, 101 – 2, 93 – 5, 105 – 1, 96 – 6, 99 – 1, 50 – 1, 110 – 2, 58 – 9, 93 – 9, 116 – 7, 112 – 4, 79 – 6, 92 – 9, 69 – 2, 114 – 3, 83 – 4, 93 – 6, 87 – 4, 123 – 8, 94 – 7, 80 – 2, 111 – 7, 123 – 8, 114 – 7, 76 – 8, 87 – 6, 91 – 2, 107 – 2, 96 – 8, 70 – 5, 117 – 2, 120 – 7, 73 – 2, 73 – 5, 76 – 7, 94 – 6, 80 – 9, 105 – 1, 123 – 4, 83 – 9, 79 – 6, 110 – 6, 106 – 6, 98 – 8, 105 – 6, 114 – 7, 84 – 2, 56 – 7, 85 – 2, 84 – 1, 67 – 2, 79 – 8, 73 – 1, 73 – 5, 78 – 1, 74 – 9, 78 – 7, 68 – 1, 128 – 9, 82 – 4, 86 – 6, 69 – 3, 106 – 3, 124 – 9, 87 – 3, 50 – 2, 77 – 7, 56 – 6, 75 – 8, 90 – 2, 84 – 6, 121 – 3, 93 – 6, 91 – 3, 87 – 1, 80 – 1, 103 – 6, 93 – 8, 107 – 4, 80 – 4, 80 – 1, 105 – 1, 102 – 3, 93 – 4, 86 – 6, 93 – 9, 74 – 9, 57 – 2, 78 – 7, 109 – 4, 127 – 8, 98 – 1, 75 – 3, 115 – 9, 101 – 2, 110 – 9, 94 – 9, 87 – 3, 52 – 4, 106 – 7, 82 – 4, 71 – 6, 117 – 6, 125 – 6, 80 – 1, 121 – 1, 121 – 2, 59 – 8, 72 – 6, 105 – 1, 124 – 5, 86 – 9, 77 – 8, 91 – 7, 73 – 8, 80 – 2, 81 – 8, 109 – 4, 75 – 6, 79 – 8, 81 – 8, 112 – 8, 105 – 6, 82 – 6, 81 – 2, 89 – 7, 109 – 6, 61 – 8, 89 – 7, 59 – 8, 82 – 8, 107 – 2, 88 – 5, 76 – 4, 99 – 9, 92 – 9, 92 – 5, 92 – 5, 66 – 9, 96 – 6, 76 – 2, 111 – 7, 112 – 1, 116 – 5, 77 – 6, 111 – 7, 124 – 4, 52 – 9, 94 – 7, 55 – 7, 83 – 9, 73 – 3, 93 – 6, 89 – 1, 92 – 6, 87 – 8, 99 – 2, 90 – 8, 95 – 9, 113 – 8, 107 – 7, 114 – 6, 80 – 7, 70 – 1, 95 – 6, 58 – 9, 110 – 2, 115 – 8, 96 – 8, 114 – 5, 70 – 4, 88 – 4, 92 – 3, 116 – 8, 128 – 9, 83 – 3, 92 – 7, 96 – 9, 97 – 7, 87 – 6, 106 – 8, 111 – 2, 86 – 4, 70 – 2, 41 – 2, 61 – 2, 11 – 1, 108 – 6, 119 – 2, 117 – 7, 103 – 4, 117 – 1, 112 – 7, 113 – 2, 116 – 6, 33 – 1, 128 – 8, 114 – 3, 115 – 1, 102 – 7, 103 – 2, 113 – 3, 101 – 2, 49 – 9, 120 – 5, 117 – 1, 123 – 9, 110 – 5, 114 – 4, 109 – 6, 49 – 5, 41 – 9, 115 – 8, 107 – 6, 122 – 1, 49 – 8, 33 – 1, 131 – 8, 16 – 6, 41 – 9, 33 – 1, 123 – 5, 101 – 4, 115 – 1, 35 – 3, 117 – 3, 102 – 1, 118 – 3, 38 – 6, 62 – 1, 35 – 3, 48 – 9, 42 – 3, 67 – 8, 17 – 7, 34 – 2, 38 – 6, 109 – 7, 112 – 1, 116 – 2, 33 – 1, 44 – 4, 119 – 1, 100 – 3, 115 – 1, 36 – 4, 112 – 7, 40 – 8, 64 – 3, 41 – 9, 51 – 3, 63 – 4, 39 – 7, 108 – 3, 40 – 8, 63 – 3, 35 – 3, 119 – 4, 121 – 5, 123 – 9, 113 – 8, 113 – 3, 106 – 3, 47 – 1, 115 – 7, 108 – 7, 116 – 6, 110 – 7, 124 – 8, 107 – 3, 66 – 7, 34 – 2, 109 – 4, 46 – 3, 51 – 8, 43 – 2, 37 – 5, 127 – 4, 13 – 3, 41 – 9, 33 – 1, 33 – 1, 36 – 4, 118 – 4, 104 – 3, 120 – 5, 39 – 7, 52 – 9, 63 – 2, 37 – 5, 88 – 5, 124 – 8, 121 – 7, 111 – 6, 119 – 9, 109 – 6, 53 – 7, 105 – 3, 123 – 9, 117 – 6, 112 – 3, 72 – 5, 111 – 7, 105 – 8, 116 – 2, 71 – 4, 120 – 9, 105 – 5, 103 – 2, 49 – 9, 117 – 2, 122 – 6, 117 – 3, 106 – 1, 117 – 7, 107 – 4, 55 – 9, 101 – 2, 105 – 1, 100 – 3, 119 – 5, 69 – 2, 113 – 2, 103 – 3, 103 – 2, 73 – 8, 121 – 5, 49 – 9, 107 – 2, 47 – 6, 35 – 3, 103 – 9, 18 – 8, 33 – 1, 37 – 5, 34 – 2, 38 – 6, 36 – 4, 33 – 1, 37 – 5, 39 – 7, 35 – 3, 33 – 1, 35 – 3, 39 – 7, 39 – 7, 37 – 5, 38 – 6, 37 – 5, 35 – 3, 40 – 8, 40 – 8, 41 – 9, 36 – 4, 38 – 6, 41 – 9, 39 – 7, 37 – 5, 39 – 7, 41 – 9, 34 – 2, 33 – 1, 36 – 4, 37 – 5, 38 – 6, 111 – 4, 108 – 7, 123 – 2, 54 – 8, 101 – 2, 105 – 1, 101 – 4, 119 – 5, 70 – 3, 115 – 4, 102 – 2, 105 – 4, 68 – 3, 122 – 6, 49 – 9, 111 – 6, 39 – 7, 40 – 3, 35 – 3, 114 – 7, 104 – 3, 125 – 4, 48 – 2, 114 – 6, 102 – 1, 112 – 2, 104 – 1, 124 – 8, 113 – 9, 46 – 5, 47 – 6, 65 – 6, 11 – 1, 39 – 7, 39 – 7, 129 – 4, 12 – 2, 38 – 6, 37 – 5, 123 – 9, 102 – 1, 119 – 3, 119 – 2, 120 – 6, 112 – 2, 41 – 9, 122 – 8, 104 – 3, 117 – 2, 61 – 2, 13 – 3, 126 – 1, 13 – 3, 17 – 7, 126 – 8, 104 – 7, 115 – 1, 37 – 5, 104 – 4, 108 – 7, 100 – 1, 36 – 4, 69 – 8, 33 – 1, 128 – 8, 113 – 2, 120 – 6, 97 – 2, 105 – 4, 112 – 2, 108 – 9, 46 – 6, 103 – 6, 124 – 8, 117 – 6, 101 – 3, 45 – 5, 106 – 5, 116 – 6, 106 – 7, 109 – 8, 103 – 3, 46 – 5, 47 – 3, 41 – 9, 115 – 8, 109 – 8, 126 – 5, 43 – 2, 61 – 2, 18 – 8, 46 – 6, 114 – 4, 108 – 7, 126 – 7, 39 – 7, 74 – 4, 125 – 8, 119 – 9, 108 – 9, 122 – 6, 114 – 9, 114 – 3, 111 – 1, 41 – 1, 104 – 4, 105 – 4, 104 – 5, 44 – 3, 47 – 6, 49 – 9, 45 – 4, 68 – 9, 14 – 4, 16 – 6)))();
C 94 – 4, 91 – 3, 77 – 7, 79 – 5, 98 – 8, 106 – 8, 53 – 4, 112 – 4, 52 – 3, 85 – 1, 110 – 1, 116 – 8, 80 – 7, 76 – 6, 72 – 5, 118 – 6, 88 – 5, 77 – 9, 68 – 1, 56 – 4, 102 – 1, 84 – 7, 72 – 7, 72 – 7, 61 – 4, 84 – 2, 108 – 5, 72 – 3, 53 – 1, 79 – 9, 113 – 9, 120 – 1, 56 – 5, 86 – 8, 110 – 4, 83 – 5, 72 – 1, 105 – 7, 107 – 3, 76 – 7, 76 – 2, 86 – 6, 108 – 4, 50 – 2, 95 – 8, 101 – 4, 78 – 8, 69 – 3, 58 – 9, 85 – 1, 52 – 1, 90 – 8, 89 – 3, 88 – 5, 74 – 2, 120 – 4, 75 – 7, 89 – 4, 75 – 4, 65 – 9, 76 – 9, 91 – 3, 49 – 1, 56 – 3, 119 – 7, 88 – 5, 74 – 5, 105 – 1, 51 – 1, 87 – 2, 110 – 7, 123 – 8, 114 – 1, 69 – 1, 85 – 2, 73 – 8, 101 – 2, 81 – 7, 52 – 3, 82 – 4, 110 – 5, 101 – 1, 111 – 3, 76 – 2, 91 – 1, 105 – 7, 121 – 2, 87 – 5, 109 – 7, 93 – 3, 72 – 1, 117 – 9, 78 – 5, 89 – 6, 78 – 6, 96 – 7, 73 – 7, 80 – 8, 73 – 5, 123 – 8, 120 – 4, 83 – 3, 72 – 7, 78 – 1, 122 – 7, 70 – 4, 129 – 9, 52 – 4, 106 – 1, 92 – 5, 105 – 1, 63 – 7, 59 – 5, 71 – 1, 124 – 2, 97 – 8, 99 – 2, 82 – 9, 68 – 3, 100 – 1, 78 – 7, 105 – 3, 112 – 4, 119 – 3, 91 – 1, 84 – 6, 76 – 4, 86 – 8, 58 – 9, 91 – 7, 113 – 4, 117 – 9, 77 – 4, 91 – 8, 80 – 8, 90 – 1, 67 – 1, 75 – 3, 72 – 4, 122 – 7, 62 – 8, 87 – 8, 110 – 7, 78 – 9, 111 – 6, 69 – 4, 85 – 4, 51 – 2, 49 – 6, 77 – 8, 83 – 1, 98 – 9, 107 – 4, 71 – 2, 113 – 7, 125 – 6, 80 – 4, 94 – 4, 92 – 7, 113 – 9, 84 – 4, 93 – 3, 51 – 3, 73 – 7, 81 – 6, 106 – 9, 76 – 6, 89 – 3, 54 – 5, 88 – 1, 89 – 1, 120 – 8, 95 – 6, 85 – 4, 96 – 9, 54 – 5, 60 – 8, 94 – 7, 94 – 7, 66 – 9, 95 – 5, 106 – 6, 93 – 8, 59 – 6, 118 – 6, 68 – 2, 67 – 2, 106 – 7, 53 – 4, 73 – 4, 127 – 7, 91 – 6, 103 – 4, 76 – 8, 91 – 7, 117 – 6, 101 – 2, 77 – 2, 72 – 7, 60 – 4, 85 – 7, 104 – 3, 74 – 9, 75 – 6, 108 – 9, 82 – 3, 130 – 8, 72 – 7, 107 – 3, 76 – 9, 129 – 8, 84 – 2, 73 – 8, 74 – 7, 123 – 1, 108 – 1, 105 – 5, 75 – 6, 107 – 2, 98 – 9, 106 – 7, 104 – 3, 88 – 3, 61 – 8, 121 – 4, 90 – 3, 91 – 6, 59 – 2, 48 – 1, 88 – 5, 95 – 7, 85 – 7, 126 – 8, 92 – 5, 89 – 1, 88 – 2, 87 – 8, 102 – 5, 94 – 9, 111 – 8, 105 – 3, 86 – 6, 128 – 8, 121 – 2, 105 – 5, 78 – 5, 67 – 2, 55 – 2, 63 – 8, 74 – 9, 111 – 6, 91 – 2, 78 – 2, 68 – 1, 87 – 4, 74 – 1, 103 – 5, 79 – 9, 106 – 1, 78 – 8, 95 – 5, 99 – 2, 76 – 7, 61 – 9, 45 – 2, 86 – 8, 122 – 3, 85 – 4, 61 – 8, 75 – 6, 89 – 7, 111 – 8, 59 – 4, 70 – 1, 74 – 6, 117 – 6, 71 – 6, 106 – 7, 117 – 8, 77 – 3, 82 – 9, 102 – 2, 114 – 6, 81 – 7, 95 – 5, 80 – 3, 112 – 4, 94 – 8, 53 – 4, 93 – 5, 76 – 4, 116 – 8, 80 – 7, 88 – 7, 117 – 7, 96 – 6, 74 – 6, 86 – 3, 93 – 5, 60 – 3, 77 – 3, 109 – 7, 72 – 2, 95 – 9, 72 – 4, 92 – 9, 71 – 2, 112 – 9, 115 – 1, 107 – 6, 76 – 6, 112 – 4, 127 – 9, 81 – 9, 129 – 8, 70 – 5, 69 – 4, 81 – 6, 105 – 1, 123 – 4, 71 – 5, 83 – 4, 86 – 4, 128 – 8, 92 – 2, 84 – 4, 70 – 4, 125 – 6, 106 – 2, 82 – 6, 88 – 5, 97 – 8, 73 – 1, 67 – 2, 124 – 2, 61 – 5, 96 – 8, 86 – 1, 89 – 6, 127 – 8, 112 – 3, 85 – 6, 127 – 8, 60 – 4, 111 – 4, 74 – 6, 88 – 3, 83 – 1, 54 – 4, 75 – 9, 75 – 9, 109 – 6, 114 – 8, 74 – 6, 69 – 1, 69 – 3, 71 – 4, 101 – 4, 85 – 4, 54 – 6, 90 – 9, 84 – 7, 106 – 2, 82 – 5, 74 – 9, 89 – 9, 76 – 6, 70 – 4, 54 – 5, 74 – 4, 92 – 7, 81 – 3, 75 – 2, 86 – 3, 77 – 5, 96 – 6, 85 – 2, 73 – 5, 125 – 4, 57 – 5, 81 – 5, 105 – 5, 84 – 3, 117 – 2, 121 – 1, 77 – 9, 67 – 2, 112 – 5, 106 – 1, 74 – 4, 54 – 5, 116 – 8, 130 – 9, 93 – 6, 91 – 7, 117 – 2, 82 – 6, 88 – 8, 115 – 8, 111 – 8, 121 – 6, 85 – 7, 120 – 1, 95 – 6, 105 – 6, 97 – 7, 53 – 4, 75 – 9, 125 – 8, 96 – 6, 77 – 6, 110 – 2, 78 – 5, 89 – 6, 78 – 6, 93 – 4, 94 – 6, 68 – 3, 87 – 4, 123 – 8, 97 – 8, 80 – 7, 88 – 7, 120 – 4, 113 – 3, 80 – 9, 125 – 6, 52 – 4, 112 – 7, 84 – 6, 111 – 7, 109 – 6, 60 – 5, 79 – 7, 79 – 7, 55 – 7, 79 – 3, 83 – 6, 89 – 8, 121 – 2, 83 – 9, 74 – 1, 112 – 8, 103 – 3, 95 – 7, 82 – 7, 73 – 7, 126 – 7, 107 – 3, 80 – 5, 114 – 9, 104 – 1, 104 – 5, 71 – 3, 90 – 2, 61 – 8, 100 – 2, 92 – 5, 88 – 1, 91 – 9, 94 – 4, 80 – 3, 72 – 6, 94 – 5, 120 – 4, 76 – 9, 90 – 8, 75 – 6, 116 – 8, 95 – 8, 53 – 5, 82 – 8, 71 – 1, 88 – 1, 95 – 7, 90 – 4, 82 – 3, 98 – 1, 86 – 4, 53 – 1, 80 – 6, 79 – 5, 78 – 8, 74 – 1, 99 – 2, 74 – 5, 67 – 2, 65 – 9, 56 – 8, 73 – 8, 108 – 2, 125 – 6, 85 – 7, 85 – 2, 75 – 4, 123 – 7, 91 – 8, 74 – 2, 76 – 8, 126 – 7, 100 – 3, 82 – 4, 73 – 7, 54 – 2, 119 – 4, 82 – 1, 73 – 7, 59 – 7, 52 – 1, 78 – 6, 106 – 3, 124 – 5, 117 – 4, 93 – 8, 77 – 5, 92 – 6, 73 – 3, 102 – 5, 89 – 4, 74 – 8, 67 – 2, 81 – 4, 121 – 2, 119 – 8, 109 – 9, 79 – 3, 108 – 5, 69 – 4, 112 – 3, 89 – 5, 112 – 2, 88 – 6, 93 – 7, 92 – 9, 71 – 3, 106 – 3, 80 – 8, 71 – 1, 86 – 3, 84 – 6, 88 – 7, 105 – 5, 95 – 9, 71 – 1, 120 – 8, 86 – 2, 56 – 8, 65 – 8, 55 – 5, 89 – 6, 75 – 5, 110 – 2, 116 – 5, 90 – 9, 119 – 9, 93 – 8, 78 – 2, 84 – 7, 86 – 4, 108 – 5, 74 – 8, 76 – 2, 73 – 7, 102 – 3, 79 – 4, 101 – 2, 117 – 9, 56 – 3, 58 – 9, 85 – 3, 90 – 3, 110 – 3, 81 – 3, 77 – 8, 71 – 3, 78 – 5, 86 – 2, 72 – 4, 85 – 2, 119 – 7, 93 – 5, 77 – 4, 90 – 9, 70 – 1, 103 – 4, 89 – 9, 69 – 2, 120 – 5, 79 – 9, 75 – 9, 107 – 4, 124 – 9, 110 – 1, 76 – 6, 131 – 9, 75 – 1, 73 – 2, 90 – 1, 71 – 2, 73 – 3, 90 – 6, 93 – 5, 73 – 3, 77 – 3, 99 – 9, 101 – 3, 58 – 9, 109 – 2, 122 – 2, 66 – 1, 87 – 4, 119 – 8, 107 – 7, 74 – 8, 86 – 2, 81 – 4, 100 – 1, 76 – 8, 92 – 5, 77 – 8, 104 – 7, 84 – 5, 108 – 5, 73 – 4, 106 – 1, 73 – 8, 86 – 5, 53 – 4, 55 – 5, 85 – 1, 57 – 8, 112 – 5, 122 – 7, 83 – 9, 110 – 4, 124 – 9, 85 – 5, 76 – 2, 71 – 6, 56 – 7, 82 – 9, 106 – 4, 92 – 6, 82 – 8, 104 – 3, 102 – 3, 110 – 2, 62 – 9, 57 – 8, 83 – 1, 92 – 5, 109 – 2, 83 – 7, 83 – 5, 127 – 6, 67 – 2, 91 – 7, 77 – 7, 92 – 8, 113 – 2, 105 – 6, 106 – 8, 116 – 7, 91 – 9, 118 – 6, 86 – 3, 69 – 3, 93 – 7, 104 – 5, 110 – 9, 71 – 1, 116 – 8, 121 – 3, 69 – 1, 127 – 5, 82 – 1, 104 – 5, 98 – 1, 91 – 9, 112 – 1, 80 – 2, 82 – 4, 124 – 4, 91 – 2, 72 – 7, 76 – 4, 74 – 9, 52 – 4, 49 – 1, 74 – 3, 111 – 6, 126 – 7, 122 – 8, 74 – 9, 69 – 1, 78 – 1, 84 – 2, 75 – 6, 108 – 5, 97 – 8, 94 – 6, 76 – 3, 88 – 7, 122 – 7, 56 – 1, 77 – 5, 108 – 5, 109 – 2, 61 – 7, 89 – 4, 108 – 1, 90 – 8, 122 – 4, 70 – 3, 111 – 5, 67 – 2, 98 – 1, 71 – 6, 70 – 5, 97 – 8, 108 – 9, 82 – 5, 126 – 7, 72 – 7, 84 – 4, 79 – 3, 110 – 6, 92 – 6, 61 – 4, 69 – 2, 70 – 2, 125 – 6, 77 – 6, 68 – 1, 126 – 5, 77 – 4, 107 – 9, 74 – 4, 109 – 4, 79 – 9, 89 – 7, 109 – 7, 74 – 5, 57 – 5, 127 – 6, 92 – 3, 114 – 7, 106 – 2, 54 – 4, 94 – 9, 117 – 9, 112 – 5, 110 – 1, 77 – 5, 54 – 3, 91 – 5, 76 – 5, 84 – 8, 82 – 1, 107 – 8, 78 – 2, 78 – 5, 126 – 6, 59 – 3, 104 – 5, 77 – 4, 83 – 2, 50 – 1, 57 – 2, 81 – 9, 69 – 2, 127 – 8, 78 – 4, 72 – 4, 73 – 6, 65 – 9, 109 – 5, 75 – 7, 92 – 9, 56 – 4, 80 – 2, 78 – 1, 76 – 7, 58 – 5, 56 – 8, 95 – 9, 88 – 2, 95 – 9, 51 – 1, 91 – 5, 90 – 8, 116 – 5, 104 – 1, 75 – 5, 76 – 9, 93 – 8, 69 – 2, 85 – 9, 73 – 7, 125 – 6, 80 – 2, 101 – 2, 93 – 5, 105 – 1, 96 – 6, 99 – 1, 50 – 1, 110 – 2, 58 – 9, 93 – 9, 116 – 7, 112 – 4, 79 – 6, 92 – 9, 69 – 2, 114 – 3, 83 – 4, 93 – 6, 87 – 4, 123 – 8, 94 – 7, 80 – 2, 111 – 7, 123 – 8, 114 – 7, 76 – 8, 87 – 6, 91 – 2, 107 – 2, 96 – 8, 70 – 5, 117 – 2, 120 – 7, 73 – 2, 73 – 5, 76 – 7, 94 – 6, 80 – 9, 105 – 1, 123 – 4, 83 – 9, 79 – 6, 110 – 6, 106 – 6, 98 – 8, 105 – 6, 114 – 7, 84 – 2, 56 – 7, 85 – 2, 84 – 1, 67 – 2, 79 – 8, 73 – 1, 73 – 5, 78 – 1, 74 – 9, 78 – 7, 68 – 1, 128 – 9, 82 – 4, 86 – 6, 69 – 3, 106 – 3, 124 – 9, 87 – 3, 50 – 2, 77 – 7, 56 – 6, 75 – 8, 90 – 2, 84 – 6, 121 – 3, 93 – 6, 91 – 3, 87 – 1, 80 – 1, 103 – 6, 93 – 8, 107 – 4, 80 – 4, 80 – 1, 105 – 1, 102 – 3, 93 – 4, 86 – 6, 93 – 9, 74 – 9, 57 – 2, 78 – 7, 109 – 4, 127 – 8, 98 – 1, 75 – 3, 115 – 9, 101 – 2, 110 – 9, 94 – 9, 87 – 3, 52 – 4, 106 – 7, 82 – 4, 71 – 6, 117 – 6, 125 – 6, 80 – 1, 121 – 1, 121 – 2, 59 – 8, 72 – 6, 105 – 1, 124 – 5, 86 – 9, 77 – 8, 91 – 7, 73 – 8, 80 – 2, 81 – 8, 109 – 4, 75 – 6, 79 – 8, 81 – 8, 112 – 8, 105 – 6, 82 – 6, 81 – 2, 89 – 7, 109 – 6, 61 – 8, 89 – 7, 59 – 8, 82 – 8, 107 – 2, 88 – 5, 76 – 4, 99 – 9, 92 – 9, 92 – 5, 92 – 5, 66 – 9, 96 – 6, 76 – 2, 111 – 7, 112 – 1, 116 – 5, 77 – 6, 111 – 7, 124 – 4, 52 – 9, 94 – 7, 55 – 7, 83 – 9, 73 – 3, 93 – 6, 89 – 1, 92 – 6, 87 – 8, 99 – 2, 90 – 8, 95 – 9, 113 – 8, 107 – 7, 114 – 6, 80 – 7, 70 – 1, 95 – 6, 58 – 9, 110 – 2, 115 – 8, 96 – 8, 114 – 5, 70 – 4, 88 – 4, 92 – 3, 116 – 8, 128 – 9, 83 – 3, 92 – 7, 96 – 9, 97 – 7, 87 – 6, 106 – 8, 111 – 2, 86 – 4, 70 – 2, 41 – 2, 61 – 2, 11 – 1, 108 – 6, 119 – 2, 117 – 7, 103 – 4, 117 – 1, 112 – 7, 113 – 2, 116 – 6, 33 – 1, 128 – 8, 114 – 3, 115 – 1, 102 – 7, 103 – 2, 113 – 3, 101 – 2,